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Machinery Directive
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Machinery Directive

History

The Directive (89/392/EEC) was initially adopted by the Council of the European Communities on 14 June 1989.  It was replaced by Directive 98/37/EC on 22 June 1998. 98/37/EC includes the requirements of Directive 89/392/EEC and its amendments.

The current Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC was published in the Official Journal of the European Union in 2006 and has been effective from 29th December 2009.

Machinery Directive

Main requirements of the Directive:

       • Safety of any powered equipment with moving parts
       • Power can be electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic or other;
       • Requirements for guarding, safety factors for loading, reliability of safety systems, marking and instructions;
       • Extensive requirements for marking and instructions

Definition of Machinery:

       • An assembly of linked parts or components at least one of which moves, with appropriate actuator, control and power circuits etc., joined together for a specific application, in particular for the processing, treatment, moving or packaging of a material.
       • Interchangeable equipment modifying the function of a machine, which is placed on the market for the purpose of being assembled with a machine or series of machines, or with a tractor by the operator himself in so far as this equipment is not a spare part or tool.

There are some exclusions listed in the Directive:

       • Medical machines in contact with patients
       • Passenger lifts and mine winders
       • Boilers and pressure vessels
       • Means of transport
       • Military equipment

Please refer to the machinery directive for detailed requirements

Services that we offer as a notified body

CEM can offer services to approve all products defined in Annex IV of the directive and can help our clients, including manufacturers, importers and exporters,  with conformity assessment services, which are necessary for CE marking the products . These services include:

Type Examination and /or Full Quality Control:
CEM can provide full EC Type Examination of machinery and issue a certificate confirming that it meets the requirements of the Machinery Directive. This is a requirement if a machine is listed in Annex IV and is not manufactured in accordance with relevant harmonised standards.  It is also available for other machinery where third party certification is desiredAn assembly of machines which, in order to achieve the same end, are arranged and controlled so that they function as an integral whole.

Technical File Lodging:
Where harmonised standards are applied in full, the Technical File must be lodged with a Notified Body.  CEM will acknowledge receipt and provide secure storage for 10 years after the date of last manufacture.


Technical documentation


Upon successful assessment, Directive 2006/42/EC on Machinery requires a technical documentation as laid out in Annex II. The technical documents must enable the assessment of the conformity of the appliance with the requirements of the Directive.

The technical file should comprise:

• a detailed documentation on the construction of the machinery including drawings of the machinery and its parts,
• test results,
• description of protective measures
• other elements as described in Annex VII, A(a).

Also, the file must contain a copy of the EC declaration of conformity.

The manufacturer must also provide documents for series production and internal measures that will be implemented to ensure that the machinery remains in conformity with the provisions of this Directive (Annex VII, A (b)).

The manufacturer must carry out the necessary tests on components, fittings or the completed machinery to determine whether it can be assembled and put into service safely. The relevant reports and results shall be included in the technical file.

The manufacturer or his authorised representative is requested to keep copies of the technical documentation for a period of 10 years after the last product was placed into the market.

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